Category Archives: PHP Scripts

What are ORM Frameworks?

ORM is a short form of Object Relational Mapping, means as ORM framework is written specifically in OOP (object-oriented programming) language (like PHP, C#, Java, etc…) and it is like a wrapper around a relational database (like MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, etc…). So, ORM is basically mapping objects to relational tables.

What does an ORM framework do?

The ORM framework generates objects (as in OOP) that virtually map the tables in a database. So, any programmer could use these objects to interact with the database without writing an optimized SQL code.

For example:

We have 2 tables in a database:

  • Products
  • Orders

The ORM framework would create 2 objects corresponding to above tables (like products_object and orders_object) with little configuration, which will handle all the database interaction. So, if you want to add a new product in products table, you would have to use products_object and save() method like below,

You can see that, how much easier an ORM framework can make things. No need to write any SQL syntax. And application code would be very clean.

Some other advantages of using ORM frameworks

1. Syncing between OOP language and the relational database data types is always creating a problem. Sometimes variable data types have to be converted properly to insert into the database. A good ORM framework will take care of these conversions.

2. Using an ORM will create a consistent code base for your application since no SQL statements are written in the code. This makes it easier to write and debug any application, especially if more programmers are using same code base.

3. ORM frameworks will shield your application from SQL injection attacks since the framework will be filtering the data before any operation in the database.

4. Database Abstraction; Switching databases for the application is easier as, ORM will take care of writing all the SQL code, data type conversions etc …

When to use an ORM framework?

An ORM framework becomes more useful as the size and complexity of the project increases. An ORM framework may be overkilling an application on a simple database with 5 tables and 5-6 queries to be used for the application.

Consider the use of ORM when:

  • 3 or more programmers are working on an application.
  • Application database consists of 10+ tables.
  • The application is using 10+ queries.

About 80-90% of application queries can be handled by the ORM generated objects. It is inevitable that at some point straight SQL query is required, which can’t be handled by ORM generated objects.

In fact, ORM frameworks often have their own *QL query language that looks a lot like SQL. Doctrine, a popular PHP based ORM framework has DQL (Doctrine Query Language) and the very popular Hibernate (used in the Java and .Net world) has HQL. Going even further, Hibernate allows writing straight SQL if need be.

ORM Frameworks for PHP programmers

  • CakePHP, ORM, and framework for PHP 5
  • CodeIgniter, a framework that includes an ActiveRecord implementation
  • Doctrine, open source ORM for PHP 5.3.X
  • FuelPHP, ORM, and framework for PHP 5.3. Based on the ActiveRecord pattern.
  • Laravel, a framework that contains an ORM called “Eloquent” an ActiveRecord implementation.
  • Maghead, a database framework designed for PHP7 includes ORM, Sharding, DBAL, SQL Builder tools etc.
  • Propel, ORM and query-toolkit for PHP 5, inspired by Apache Torque
  • Qcodo, ORM, and framework for PHP 5
  • QCubed, A community-driven fork of Qcodo
  • Redbean, ORM layer for PHP 5, creates and maintains tables on the fly
  • Yii, ORM, and framework for PHP 5. Based on the ActiveRecord pattern.
  • Zend Framework, a framework that includes a table data gateway and row data gateway implementations. ZendDb

Alternative of PHP_Excel for Excel Reading and Writing

For Writing Excel

For Reading Excel

For Reading and Writing Excel

  • Ilia Alshanetsky’s Excel extension now on github (xls and xlsx, and requires business libXL segment)
  • spout OfficeOpenXML (xlsx) and CSV
  • The Open Office different option for COM (PUNO) (requires Open Office introduced on the server with Java support empowered)
  • PHP’s COM extension (requires a COM empowered spreadsheet program, for example, MS Excel or OpenOffice Calc running on the server)
  • SimpleExcel Claims to read and compose MS Excel XML/CSV/TSV/HTML/JSON/and so forth arranges

Another C++ Excel expansion for PHP, however you’ll have to manufacture it yourself, and the docs are really meager with regards to attempting to discover what usefulness (I can’t discover from the site what groups it bolsters, or whether it peruses or composes or both…. I’m speculating both) it offers is phpexcellib from SIMITGROUP.

All case to be quicker than PHPExcel from codeplex or from github, however (except for COM, PUNO Ilia’s wrapper around libXl and spout) they don’t offer both perusing and composing, or both xls and xlsx; might never again be upheld; and (while I haven’t tried Ilia’s expansion) just COM and PUNO offers the same level of control over the made exercise manual.

Source: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3930975/alternative-for-php-excel